Mrs. Heather Crissman

Look for some ideas below to help work with your child at home on their reading.

Office Hour: Every Wednesday from 11AM-12 PM.

Student Materials Pick Up Schedule

Please click on the appropriate plan to pick up your child's materials (added 6/3/20).

K-4 Material Pick Up Plan.pdf

5th Grade Promotion & Material Information.pdf

Home Support

Activity Boards for Reading (added 4/24/20)-Please click the grade level appropriate board below to download a variety of at-home phonics and reading activities that you can do with your child.

Hello Wildcats! (added 4/13/20)

Elizabeth Vaughan Elementary School is excited to support your continued learning and practice through virtual offerings. Please visit our school website at and/or your teachers' webpage to engage in our distance learning activities and schedules.

Stay connected and stay informed!

The Staff at Elizabeth Vaughan Elementary

Spanish Translation:

La escuela primaria Elizabeth Vaughan se complace en apoyar su aprendizaje y práctica continua a través de ofertas virtuales. Visite el sitio web de nuestra escuela en y / o la página web de sus maestros para participar en nuestras actividades y horarios de aprendizaje a distancia.

PWCS Home Learning
is a link that provides resources to parents for working with their students. (added 4/2)

Book Discussion

Book discussion questions and prompts that can be used for any book. After reading a fiction or non-fiction book, choose some of these questions to ask your child.

Metacognitive strategies English 1.docx
Metacognitive strategies English 2.docx
Metacognitive strategies English 3.docx

Metacognitive Bookmarks-Spanish.docx


Imagine Learning
If your student has an Imagine Learning Account, access the login page on our student online resources page.

Developing Reading Fluency

Do you know that reading fluency plays a vital role in developing effective and efficient readers?

Reading fluency is a child's ability to read a book or other text correctly, quickly, and with expression. A fluent reader doesn't have to stop and "decode" each word. Rather, most of the words can be read automatically. This means the reader can focus his attention on what the story or text means. 

Fun activities for parents to help their children develop reading fluency:

Paired or “buddy” reading
The easiest and best way to help your child develop fluency is to sit with your child and read! Read together every day, which is often called paired or buddy reading. To use paired reading, simply take turns reading aloud. You go first, as your reading provides a model of what good fluent reading sounds like. Then, ask your child to re-read the same page you just read. You’ll notice that your child’s reading will start to sound more and more like yours. Do this for several pages. Once your child is comfortable enough, and familiar enough with the book, take turns reading page for page.

Reading favorite books
Another way parents can help develop fluency is to build a tall stack of books that your child can read quickly and easily. Encourage your child to reread favorite books over and over again. With each reading, you may notice your child reading a bit easier, a bit faster, and with a bit more confidence and expression. 

Record it
Another fun way to practice reading and build fluency is to have your child create her own audiobooks. This can be done simply with a tape recorder or audio recording feature or app (like Audio book) on your phone. Or, use something more sophisticated like Story Kit, where a user can create an electronic storybook and record audio to accompany it.  Regardless of the method you choose, your child will be practicing what they want to record and that reading practice is critical. Sharing your audio recordings with family and friends is a great motivator too!


Abadiano, H. R., & Turner, J. (2005). Reading fluency: The road to developing efficient and effective readers. New England Reading Association Journal, 41(1), 50.

Reading Strategies

Metacognitive reading strategies help us comprehend what we read. When we explicitly teach, model, and have students use these strategies on a daily basis, they become better readers. You can find questions and prompts in my files below to guide discussions that you can have with your child. The strategies are:

Students recognize when comprehension breaks down and take corrective action.
Students form images in their minds to ‘see’ what the author has written.
Make Connections
Students link what they read to something they already know.
Make Inferences
Students use clues in the text to determine what is explicitly stated by the author
Ask Questions
Students ‘wonder’ about the text to help them understand it.
Determine Importance
Students identify the essential information or ideas in the text.
Students put together ideas from multiple sources in a new way.
Metacognitive strategies English 1.docx
Metacognitive strategies English 2.docx
Metacognitive strategies English 3.docx
Metacognitive Bookmarks-Spanish.docx


 Crissman, Heather
Business:  703.494.3220
Please contact me about any reading questions or concerns that you have.